THE BODY TEMPLE INSTITUTE

OF WHOLISTIC HEALTH AND HERBAL STUDIES

 

The Afrikan Herbs Man - Herbal Reference

 

 

A

Alfalfa- helps the body to digest calcium and eleminate arterial sclerosis.  Alfalfa leaf has been used in tea and dietary supplements to help increase appetite and vitality, reduce water retention, and as a stimulant for digestion and bowel action. It is a folk treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, and preventing absorption of cholesterol from the diet. Its use for loss of energy due to indigestion, dyspepsia, anemia, loss of appetite, and poor assimilation

Aloe vera- Aloe gel has been used to treat inflammation for more than 2,500 years. The fresh gel is widely used as a folk medicine for minor burns and sunburn, as well as minor cuts and scrapes. Aloe gel is also used in beverages commonly sold as "aloe juice". Aloe gel, mixed with water, citric acid, fruit juices, and preservatives is also marketed as "aloe juice", touted as a digestive aid or folk remedy for arthritis, stomach ulcers, diabetes, and other conditions.

Asian Ginseng- Ginseng is the root of two different herbs from opposite sides of the world, American ginseng (P. quinquefolius) and Asian ginseng (P. ginseng). American ginseng is wild-harvested and grown in eastern North America. Asian ginseng, which includes both Korean and Chinese ginseng, is cultivated in China, Korea, and Japan. Ginseng is also a nonspecific immunostimulant similar to echinacea. There are more than eighteen active chemicals called ginsenosides in Asian ginseng. Mild American ginseng helps to reduce the heat of the respiratory and digestive systems, whereas the stronger Asian ginseng is a heatraising tonic for the blood and circulatory systems.  

Anise -Anise is another good herb for treating colic, gas, and indigestion. It can also be used in combination herbal remedies for coughing, as it aids in loosening phlegm. It is the mildest of the herbs used for these purposes. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy to sooth coughs and headaches.

Arnica- Arnica works by stimulating the activity of white blood cells that perform much of the digestion of congested blood, and by dispersing trapped, disorganized fluids from bumped and bruised tissue, joints and muscles. Arnica is known to stimulate blood circulation and can raise blood pressure, especially in the coronary arteries. The plant is used externally for arthritis, burns, ulcers, eczema and acne. It has anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory qualities that can reduce pain and swelling, improving wound healing. 

Asafoetida-Asafoetida has been used as a medicinal herb for many decades, with some people choosing to make a tea from it in order to drink it plain. Despite its pungent aroma, asafoetida is known to alleviate stomach ailments, cold symptoms, anxiety issues, chronic fatigue, yeast infections, and painful gas and flatulence. Some research suggests that a regular dose of asafoetida before and during early pregnancy can help lessen the risk of miscarriage.

Ashwaganda- ashwagandha helps to conquer insomnia, It has also been noted in anecdotal evidence that herbal preparations of the plant may increase sexual potency and fertility, and the medicine made from ashwagandha also is said to help with coughing and with tuberculosis, asthma and bronchitis. it is considered an adaptogen. Adaptogens are herbal medications that raise stress resistance.

Astragalus- it is one of the superior tonic roots in traditional Chinese medicine. It has been used to invigorate vital energy (qi) and in prescriptions for shortness of breath, general weakness, and lack of appetite; also as a diuretic, and for the treatment of colds, flu, stomach ulcers, and diabetes. It is widely used in modern herbal practice in China.

B

Barberry- Barberry is used in treating high blood pressure, ulcers, cholera, to stimulate the gall bladder and liver, diarrhea, and painful periods. It is not to be used during pregnancy.
Basil-Basil is used to treat stomach cramps, vomiting, fevers, colds, flu, headaches, whooping cough, and menstrual pains. It is also used to reduce stomach acid, making it an important part of any treatment for ulcers, and a valuable addition to any recipe using tomatoes for those with sensitive stomachs. Externally, it can be used for insect bites to draw out the poisons, by using mashed fresh leaves as a poultice. It has been used in remedies to eliminate worms from the intestines, and the oil from basil leaves, diluted with a carrier oil, is applied directly to the skin to treat acne, arthritis, gout, and to treat skin abrasions. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy to aid mental clarity and to calm the nerves. Pregnant women should not use basil or the essential oil of basil.

Bay leaf- 
The essential oil of Bay Laurel is used in massage oils to treat arthritis and rheumatism. In aromatherapy, it is used to treat earaches and high blood pressure.

Bayberry-Bayberry, taken in small doses, increases the vitality of your total body systems, improving circulation. It can also be used as a poultice over varicose veins to strengthen the blood vessels. A douche made of the tea is used for vaginal infections. Tea made of Bayberry is a good gargle for sore throat and tonsillitis.

Bilberry-The leaves were used for their astringent, tonic, antiinflammatory, and antiseptic qualities.

Bitter melon-bitter melon is also used in many medicinal traditions in Asia. Some people believe that the plant may be a useful antimalarial, while others use it to soothe digestive problems. Bitter melon may also turn out to be a vegetarian source of insulin for diabetics, and a diet of the fruit is used to assist in controlling blood sugar in some Asian nations. Extracts and tinctures of the vegetable are available for medicinal use.

Black cohosh-Among Native Americans and early settlers in North America, black cohosh root was an important folk medicine for menstrual irregularities and as an aid in childbirth. Adopted in medical practice in the early nineteenth century, it had a great reputation as an anti- inflammatory for arthritis and rheumatism; for normalizing suppressed or painful menses; and for relieving pain after childbirth. It was also used for nervous disorders.

Black haw-Black Haw has been used to help prevent miscarriage, to help decrease bleeding after childbirth, and to treat bronchitis, asthma, and other lung problems.

Bladderwrack- bladderwrack grows in the sea and is considered a seaweed it accumulates and concentrates various minerals and nutrients not readily found in earthbound plants. One of the most important elements found in bladderwrack is iodine, a chemical compound prized for its antiseptic properties and its effect on the human thyroid. As early as 1811, bladderwrack became a popular source of medicinal iodine. Eventually bladderwrack became known as a miracle plant, used to cure or treat diseases such as coughs, asthma, hemorrhoids, boils, goitres, stomach ailments, urinary infections and headaches. Not all of these bladderwrack-based treatments proved to be effective, however.


Blessed thistle-Blessed Thistle is used to strengthen the heart, and is useful in all remedies for lung, kidney, and especially liver problems. It is also used as a brain food for stimulating the memory. It is used in remedies for menopause and for menstrual cramping. This herb is often used by lactating women to stimulate blood flow to the mammary glands and to increase the flow of milk.

Bloodroot-Bloodroot was a common Native American remedy for rheumatism. Internally it was used for sore throat, and to expel mucous from the respiratory system. Externally it was used as a poultice to treat skin problems and eruptions, skin ulcers, eczema, and slow-healing wounds. It is now considered a poisonous plant, and should only be used externally. It should not be placed undiluted on the skin.  But can be used in cancer salves to pull out tumors
Blue cohosh- Blue Cohosh is used to regulate the menstrual flow. It is also used for treating suppressed menstruation. Native Americans used this herb during childbirth to ease the pain and difficulty that accompany birthing, as well as to induce labor. This herb should not be taken during pregnancy, and should be taken in very small amounts in conjunction with other herbs, such as Black Cohosh.

Blue vervain- Native Americans used blue vervain for a variety of culinary and medicinal purposes. The seeds were harvested and ground into flour for cooking or eaten raw, and the leaves were made into tea. Medicinally, the herb was used as an emetic, or substance that induces vomiting, for treating fevers and stomach problems.  The bruised leaves of the blue vervain plant are used in folk medicine for treating headaches, earaches and rheumatism. When placed externally on the affected area, the juice from the leaves is believed to provide relief from pain. Tea made from the leaves is traditionally used to treat piles and idney or bladder stones.

Boneset- Boneset is used for treating severe fevers, as well as flu, and cold virus conditions. One to two tablespoons of the tincture in hot water is used for sweat therapy to break fevers. The infusion is also drunk once or twice per day to aid in healing broken bones.

Boswellia-Boswellia is most well-known for producing an aromatic resin which can be used to make frankincense. The trees also have a number of medical uses, and are often prescribed by herbalists as an anti-inflammatory. Indian doctors prescribed Boswellia for a wide range of ailments, including arthritis, dysentery,ringworm, diarrhea, and various pulmonary diseases. Boswellia has also been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine, ingested to assist in digestion. Recent studies have also shown that when burned, Boswellia may help reduce stress and depression.

Buchu- Hailing from Africa,Buchu leaves in particular have an extensive history for use as a medicinal herb. Exported around the world since the late 1700s, it has widely been used for treating urinary tract infections along with gastrointestinal ailments. Containing essential oils in its leaves, buchuwas discovered as an early source for natural treatments. Still used in modern times to treat ailments such as cystitis and other urinary tract problems, the oil is extracted from the leaf and normally made into tea.

Burdock root- Burdock Root is used to treat skin diseases, boils, fevers, inflammations, hepatitis, swollen glands, some cancers, and fluid retention. It is an excellent blood purifier. A tea made of the leaves of Burdock is also used for indigestion. This herb is very useful for building the systems of young women. It helps clear persistent teenage acne if taken for three to four weeks, at the same time using it as an external cleanser on the affected areas. Burdock is combined with dandelion root for a very effective liver cleanser and stimulator. Combine it with Damiana and Sarsaparilla to strengthen and build the male organs. The leaves and stalks are eaten lightly steamed for their taste and nutritional content.  Also used to combat bloating within the gut, in addition to helping stave off kidney problems and gall stones.
Butcher's broom-Butcher’s broom is the herb that can help correct system imbalances that inhibit the proper function of the bowels. When brewed as a tea, the herb is said to help correct constipation in a relatively short period of time. At the same time, the herb helps to relieve the discomfort that is common when an individual is retaining water, by allowing the system to quickly and naturally flush out the excess fluid.  The herb can help with circulation problems. For this reason, alternative practitioners will sometimes recommend it as a way to help people who experience tingling in the feet and hands, or who constantly experience coldness in the extremities.

C

 

Cajuput- see teatree

Calendula-Also known as pot marigold (not to be confused with common garden marigolds, Tagetes species), calendula is the dried flower of a member of the aster family native to south-central Europe and northern Africa. It is an annual commonly grown in gardens for its bright display of yellow or orange flowers. The flowers have been applied to cuts and wounds, burns and bruises, and used as a tea for gastric ulcers and other stomach ailments, for jaundice and other conditions.

Chamomile-Chamomile (or German camomile) is the dried flower head of an annual member of the aster family. The primary chamomile of commerce, it is grown in Hungarv, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Germany, Argentina, and Egypt. Chamomile has been used for centuries to quiet an upset stomach promote urination and relieve colic, and as a mild sleep aid. Topically, it has been used to reduce inflammation and soothe aches, and to heal cuts, sores, and bruises.

Cascara Sagrada- Cascara sagrada is the dried, aged bark of a small tree in the buckthorn family native to the Pacific Northwest. The bark is harvested mostly from wild trees in Oregon, Washington, and southern British Columbia. The bark is aged for a year so that the active principles become milder, as freshly dried bark produces too strong a laxative for safe use; it also contains a compound that induces vomiting. The name cascara sagrada is Spanish for "sacred bark". Long used as a laxative by Native American groups of the northwest Pacific coast, cascara sagrada bark was not introduced into formal medical practice in the United States until 1877. In 1890, it replaced the berries of the European buckthorn (R. catharticus) as an official laxative. It is still used in over-the-counter laxatives available in every pharmacy in the United States.    
Cassava
Cassia seed
Castor oil plant

Catnip-Catnip is effective alone or combined in herbal remedies for colds, flu, fevers, upset stomach, childhood illnesses, and insomnia. This herb is particularly good for children with upset stomachs, made into a very mild infusion. The same mild infusion will help colicky babies.
Cat's claw-Cat's-claw (una de gato) comes from the stem and root of two Amazonian woody vines.  The Piura Indians used a bark decoction of U. guianensis to treat inflammation, rheumatism, gastric ulcers and tumors, and as a contraceptive. Indian groups in Colombia and Guyana use it for dysentery. Cat's claw is a South American folk medicine for intestinal ailments, gastric ulcers, arthritis, wounds, and cancer. 

Cayenne pepper-Cayenne is the pungent dried fruit of a highly variable species in the nightshade family that also gives us paprika, bell peppers, and jalapenos. The ancient Maya used cayenne to treat mouth sores and inflamed gums. Herbal use as a stimulant began with Samuel Thomson (1769-1843), who used it to "produce a strong heat in the body" and "restore digestive powers". In the 1970s John Christopher promoted cayenne as a circulatory stimulant, claiming that "it feeds the necessary elements into the cell structure of the arteries, veins and capillaries so that these regain the elasticity of youth again, and the blood pressure adjusts itself to normal."

Chaparral-Chaparral is used to treat acne, dandruff, cancer, arthritis, viral, yeast, and bacterial infections. It is normally mixed with other herbs with similar properties, or taken as capsules, as it is very bitter. Native Americans use chaparral to curb the craving for alcohol, and to detoxify the liver. Should not be used by pregnant or lactating women.
Chasteberry

Chickweed- Chickweed is an excellent source of many B vitamins and various minerals. It is used to treat bronchitis, pleurisy, coughs, colds, and as a blood builder. Externally it is good for skin diseases, due to its astringent properties, and the tea added to the bath is good for soothing skin irritations and rashes. A poultice of the leaves treats cuts, wounds, and bruises. Because it is such a valuable vitamin and mineral source, chickweed is used in foods and teas for the ill to help build the body.
Cinnamon-Add cinnamon to remedies for acute symptoms, as this herb is a stimulant to other herbs and to the body, enabling herbal remedies to work faster. It is also a blood purifier, an infection preventer, and a digestive aid. It has been used to treat menstrual cramps and diarrhea. Do not ingest cinnamon oil. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy to treat nausea, tiredness, and depression, and is used in massage oils to treat rheumatism.

Clove- Clove oil will stop a toothache when applied directly to the cavity. It is very warm and stimulating to the system, and is very useful with people who have cold extremities. Cloves will promote sweating with fevers, colds, and flu. It is often used in remedies for whooping cough. Cloves are also safe and effective for relieving vomiting during pregnancy. Stick cloves into the skin of a whole lemon, covering it completely, and hang the lemon in closets or place in drawers to drive away insects. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy to treat infections, cold, and flu.

Coltsfoot- Coltsfoot is used to treat respiratory problems, head and chest congestion, and is soothing to the stomach and intestines. Combine it with horehound, ginger, and licorice root for a soothing cough syrup, suitable for all ages. Avoid internal use during pregnancy.

Comfrey-A poultice of Comfrey heals wounds, burns, sores, and bruises. It is a powerful remedy for coughs and ulcers. Comfrey is most often used for healing broken bones and sprains. It also is used in treating asthma. Large amounts taken over a period of time can cause liver damage, but there are no indications of problems with using it externally. Used internally, it is best and safest to use a tea, rather than capsules.

Cramp bark

Cumin

D

Damiana-Damiana is used to regulate the female cycles of the reproductive system. It is also used to stimulate the sexual appetite, to treat depression and to treat impotence. It is good for treating urinary problems and nervousness, as well as hypertension.
Dandelion-Both dandelion leaf and root have been used for centuries to treat liver, gall bladder, and kidney ailments, weak digestion, and rheumatism. They are also considered mildly laxative. The fresh root or its preparations are thought to be more potent than the dried root. The leaves have traditionally been used as a diuretic.

Devil's claw- Devil’s Claw has been used as a tonic, as a treatment for arthritis and rheumatism, reduce fever, ease sore muscles, reduce cholesterol, and externally the ointment is used to treat sores, boils, and ulcers. It is also used to cleanse the lymph system, and to remove toxins from the blood.

Dill weed-Dill is used to treat colic, gas, and indigestion. It is said that sniffing dill can cure hiccups.

Dong quai-The name dong-quai, or dang-gui, means "proper order". Used in China for thousands of years, it is as highly regarded as ginseng. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the root is believed to nourish the blood and help harmonize vital energy, thus returning the system to proper order. In China it is one of the more frequently prescribed herbs and appears in prescriptions (with other herbs) for abnormal or suppressed menstruation, anemia, and other conditions. In the West, it is used to tone and regulate the female reproductive system and is prescribed for premenstrual syndrome (PMS), menstrual difficulties, and menopause symptoms.

E

 

Echinacea-Native Americans of the prairie used echinacea for more medicinal purposes than they did any other plant, for everything from colds to cancer.

Elderberry-Topically for infections, inflammations and swelling. As a wash for skin healing and complexion purification. As a tea and cordial to sooth sore throats, speed recovery from cold and flu and relieve respiratory distress. Cooked and used in jams and conserves.

Elecampane- Elecampane is used for getting rid of intestinal worms, to eliminate water retention, and to lessen tooth decay and firm the gums. It gives relief to all respiratory ailments. It is usually used in combination with other herbs. Externally it is used as a wash for wounds and itching rashes. It is burned to repel insects.

Ephedra-Ma-huang is first mentioned in Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing, which survives as a list of 365 herbs from the first century A.D. In traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) its functions are to induce sweat, soothe breath, and promote urination. It is prescribed for bad colds, fevers without sweat, pain in the joints, coughing, shortness of breath, and swelling of the ankles. Ephedra has been used for more than 2,000 years to treat bronchial asthma, colds and flu, chills, lack of perspiration, headache, nasal congestion, aching joints and bones, cough and wheezing, and edema.

Eucalyptus-Eucalyptus oil is a powerful antiseptic. It is used to treat pyorrhea (gum disease), and is used on burns to prevent infections. The essential oil, breathed in a steam, will help clear the sinuses, as will the steam from boiling the leaves. When mixed with water or vegetable oils, it makes a good insect repellant. A small drop on the tongue eases nausea. Soak small cloths in eucalyptus oil and place the cloths in your pantries, cabinets, and closets to drive away roaches and other insect pests. Eucalyptus oil can be used for Lavendar oil in any magickal recipe.

Evening primrose-Native Americans gathered the seeds for food in Utah and Nevada. Those in eastern North America used the whole plant as a poultice for bruises, a tea to treat obesity, and a decoction of the root to treat hemorrhoids. Early settlers used the leaves to treat wounds and to soothe sore throats and upset stomach. Use of the seed oil is relatively recent.
Eyebright-Eyebright stimulates the liver to remove toxins from the body. Eyebright is only to be used EXTERNALLY. It has been used to treat eye infections and afflictions, such as pink-eye. The herb strengthens the eye, and helps to repair damage. Please consult your physician for proper use of Eyebright.

F

False unicorn-False Unicorn is very soothing for a delicate stomach. It also stimulates the reproductive organs in women and men. This herb is very important for use during menopause, due to its positive effects on uterine disorders, headaches, and depression.

Fennel seed-Fennel helps to take away the appetite. Taken before meals, it can help you eat smaller meals and still feel full. It is often used as a sedative for small children and to treat colic. It improves digestion, and is very helpful with coughs. It is also used for cancer patients after radiation and chemotherapy treatments to help rebuild the digestive system. It is used to enrich and increase the flow of milk for lactating women. Fennel oil is used externally to ease muscle and joint pain. Avoid internal use during pregnancy.
Fenugreek-Fenugreek is used to soften and expel mucous. It has antiseptic properties and will kill infections in the lungs. Used with lemon and honey, it will help reduce a fever as well as soothe and nourish the body during illness. The Chinese use it to treat sweating and depression in menopause. It has been used to relax the uterus, and for this reason should not be taken by pregnant women.
Feverfew-feverfew "is very effectual for all pains in the head coming of a cold cause, the herb being bruised and applied to the crown of the head." For more than 2,000 years, feverfew was a folk medicine taken internally for fevers, headache, or menstrual regulation, or applied externally to relieve pain.

Fo Ti- Ask Chinese herbalists about "fo-ti" and they wont know what you're talking about. The name was given to the plant by a marketer in the early 1970s for the American herb business. In China, it is known as hu-shou-wuIn Chinese medicine the dried (unprocessed) root and the cured (processed) root are considered two different herbs. The unprocessed root is used to relax the bowels and detoxify the blood. The processed root is used to strengthen the blood, invigorate the liver and kidneys, and supplement vital energy (qi). Processed fo-ti is one of the more widely used tonics in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which employs it to enhance longevity, increase vigor, and promote fertility. It is also an ingredient in TCM formulas for premature gray hair, low back pain, angina pectoris, low energy, and other conditions.

G

Garlic-Garlic has been used as food and medicine since the age of the Egyptian pharaohs. The Greek historian and traveler Herodotus (484-425 B.C.) wrote that inscriptions on an Egyptian pyramid recorded the quantities of garlic consumed by the laborers. The Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder (A.D. 23-79) declared, "Garlic has powerful properties, and is of great benefit against changes of water and of residence." He recommended it to treat asthma, suppress coughs, and expel intestinal parasites, but noted some drawbacks (other than garlic breath): garlic dulled the sight, caused flatulence, injured the stomach if taken in excess, and caused thirst. In China, garlic was traditionally used for fevers, dysentery and intestinal parasites.

Ginger-Cultivated for millennia in both China and India, ginger reached the West at least 2,000 years ago. Most of the thousands of prescriptions in Chinese traditional medicine (TCM) are combinations of many herbs; ginger is used in nearly half of them to mediate the effects of other ingredients as well as to stimulate the appetite and calm the stomach. In European herbal traditions, ginger is primarily used to stop nausea and quiet an upset stomach.
Ginkgo biloba-Ginkgo leaf is a relatively new herbal medicine, used in China only since the fifteenth century. The leaves were traditionally used for "benefiting the brain", treatment of lung disorders, relief of cough and asthma symptoms, and diarrhea. The leaf tea was applied externally to treat sores of the skin and remove freckles.

Ginseng-the earliest mention of ginseng is in the 2,000-year-old herbal of Shen Nong:

It is used for repairing the five viscera, quieting the spirit, curbing the emotion, stopping agitation, removing noxious influence, brightening the eyes, enlightening the mind and increasing wisdom. Continuous use leads one to longevity with light weight. Ginseng use has changed little in 2,000 years.

Goldenseal-The Cherokee used the roots topically to treat inflammations and drank a root tea to improve appetite and for dyspepsia. The Iroquois used it for liver disorders, fever, sour stomach, and diarrhea.

Goldenseal was listed among the official remedies in the first revision (1830) of the New York edition of the U. S. Pharmacopoeia. It was dropped in 1840, then listed again from 1860 to 1926. The root was used primarily for inflammations of the mucous membranes.

Gotu kola-In India, the ancient tradition of Ayurveda regards gotu kola as an important rejuvenating herb, especially for nerve and brain cells. It is prescribed to increase intelligence, longevity, and memory while retarding senility and aging. A leaf tea is used as a wash for skin diseases, inflammation, and swelling. In Chinese folk medicine, the leaf tea is used for colds, lung and urinary tract infections, and externally for snakebite, injuries, and shingles.

Green tea-Green Tea has recently come into prominence as an effective anti-oxidant. It has been shown to reduce the risk of many forms of cancer, and it has the ability to stabilize blood lipids, making it part of an overall cardiac care regimen. It can also help to prevent plaque buildup on the teeth. People who are sensitive to, or cautioned to reduce or avoid, caffeine, can still use the decaffeinated form of Green Tea, which is still shown to have the same medicinal properties and qualities.

H

Hawthorn berry-Hawthorn is the fruit, or the flowers and leaves combined, of several of the more than 100 species of Crataegus, a genus of the rose family found in North America, Europe, and east Asia.  This herb been used in European, Chinese, and American herbal traditions alike to treat heart ailments. In traditional Asian medicine as well as European herbal traditions, hawthorn has been widely used in longterm prescriptions for hypertension related to cardiac weakness, arteriosclerosis, and angina pectoris.
Hemp seed

Hibiscus

Hops-Traditionally, hops were considered soothing to the stomach, an appetite stimulant (due to the bitter taste), slightly sedative, a sleep aid, and diuretic. A popular way of using hops as a sleep aid was to stuff a pillow with the fruiting bodies, moistening them slightly before bed to prevent them from rustling and keeping an insomniac awake! A poultice of hops was used to relieve pain of rheumatic Joints and a tea was taken to relieve muscle spasms and soothe the nerves.
Horehound-Horehound is used in children's cough remedies, as it is a gentle but effective expectorant. It acts as a tonic for the respiratory system and stomach. In large doses it acts as a laxative. It is often made into lozenges for treating coughs and sore throats.
Horny goat weed- brings circulation to reproductive organs and lower extremeties.
Horse chestnut-Horse Chestnut is used to treat circulation problems, hemorrhoids, prostrate enlargement, and varicose veins.

Horseradish-Horse Chestnut is used to treat circulation problems, hemorrhoids, prostrate enlargement, and varicose veins.
Horsetail- Horsetail is used in treating urinary tract infections and inflammation of the prostate. It aids in coagulation and decreases bleeding. It will also help broken bones heal faster, and will help brittle nails and hair, due to its high silica content. It has also been used as part of a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, for ulcers, and for anemia. The plant alone, boiled in water, makes an effective foot soak for tired feet, or for the treatment of athlete's foot, and to rid the face of excess body oil to help control acne. Do not use if pregnant or nursing. The silica content is too high for the developing child both in and out of the womb. Also known as Shave Grass.

J

Juniper berries-Juniper has been used to clear uric acid from the body. It is high in natural insulin, and has the ability to heal the pancreas where there has been no permanent damage. It is useful for all urinary infections and for water retention problems, as well as gout. Chewing the berries treats inflamed and infected gums. Juniper is used externally as a compress to treat acne, athlete's foot, and dandruff. Native Americans used a decoction of the boiled leaves as a poultice for joints affected by arthritis and rheumatism. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy to treat sleep problems and to relieve stress. Used in a massage oil, it is useful for the female system and for the skin. It should not be used by pregnant women or those suffering from kidney disease.

K

Kava kava-Kava-kava, or simply kava, as it is also known, is the massive root stock or leaf of a highly variable sprawling shrub in the pepper family, found throughout the South Pacific islands from Hawaii to New Guinea. The plant has been cultivated for so many centuries that its exact origin is unclear. Like garlic, kava in its present form evolved during 3,000 years of cultivation. Polynesians have used a thick brew of the fresh or dried root as their main beverage for centuries. A similar beverage, prepared from ground roots, is often imbibed in social or ceremonial settings. The cultural role of kava in Pacific societies has been compared to that of wine in southern Europe. A decoction of the rootstock has reportedly been used for the treatment of gonorrhea, chronic cystitis and other urinary infections, menstrual problems, migraine headache, insomnia, and other conditions.
Kola nut
Kudzu
L

Lavender-lavender is also an important medicinal herb. Originally, the oil from the flower was used to protect cloths and stored linens from moths. It was, and is, used as a scent in air fresheners. Oil distilled from the flower has applications as a stimulant, tonic, headache relief, and for relief of intestinal gas. It is also used to quiet coughs and disinfect wounds. Applied as a compress, lavender oil provides relief from neuralgic pains, rheumatism, sprains, and sore joints. Lavender is anti bacterial, anti fungal and anti viral.

Lemon grass-Lemongrass is drunk before bed to induce sleep. The infusion is also used to loosen and lessen mucous, to treat fevers, cramps, and stress. The essential oil is used as a food flavoring and an ingredient in cosmetics and perfumes. The oil has antibacterial properties.

Licorice root-What we think of as "licorice" flavor is actually anise; licorice itself tastes very sweet and musty. The Roman naturalist Theophrastus (c. 372c. 287 B.C.) wrote that the roots were used for asthma, dry cough, and lung disorders. Traditionally, the dried root has also been used for sore throat and laryngitis as well as inflammation of the urinary and intestinal tracts. In China, licorice is first mentioned in Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing (first century A.D.). It is used in Chinese prescriptions for coughs, sore throat, asthma, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and as a "mediator" of potentially toxic ingredients.

Lobelia- Also called “Indian tobacco”. Lobelia was previously used to treat bronchitis, laryngitis, asthma, epilepsy, and tonsillitis, as well as a muscle relaxant. It is a popular tool for helping to deter smokers who want to quit, when taken in very small doses. The FDA has labeled this herb as unsafe in all but very small doses.


M

Ma huang-
Maca

Maitake mushroom

Marshmallow

Milk thistle-milk thistle seeds have been used to treat liver disorders for over 2,000 years. It protects the liver by coating the cells creating a barrier that cannot be penetrated by toxins. 

Motherwort- Motherwort was commonly used to treat menstrual disorders, vaginitis, heart tonic, and has sedative and antiepileptic properties. It is also used to promote menstrual bleeding and to aid in childbirth, as well as to ease hot flashes during menopause. The herb is most potent right after flowering. Do not use if pregnant or nursing.

Mugwort-Mugwort is used in all conditions dealing with nervousness, shaking, and insomnia. It is used to help induce menses, especially when combined with cramp bark. It is often used to stimulate the liver and as a digestive aid. Fresh juice from the plant is used to treat poison ivy. It should not be used by pregnant women.

Mullein-Mullein is a terrific narcotic herb that is not addictive or poisonous. It is used as a pain killer and to bring on sleep. It loosens mucous, making it useful for treating all lung ailments. It also strengthens the lymphatic system.

Myrrh-Myrrh is a powerful antiseptic, being a remedy second only to echinacea. It is a strong cleaning and healing agent, soothing the body and speeding the healing process. It is often used with goldenseal. It is often used in mouthwashes, gargles, and toothpastes for fighting and preventing gum disease. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy to treat digestive upsets, and is diluted to use as an antiseptic mouthwash or gargle. Pregnant women should not use myrrh oil.

N 

Neem-This plant, known as “the village pharmacy” in India, has been used for at least 4000 years for its medicinal qualities.All parts of the plant are used. Neem has been used to treat a wide range of ailments, including wounds, burns, sprains, bruises, earache, headache, fever, sore throat, food poisoning, shingles, colds, flu, hepatitis, mononucleosis, fungal infections, yeast infections, sexually transmitted diseases, acne, skin diseases, heart diseases, blood disorders, kidney problems, digestive problems, ulcers, periodontal diseases, nerve disorders, malaria, fatigue, and a host of others. It is being closely studied for use in battling AIDS, cancer, diabetes, allergies, and as birth control for both men and women. Neem should not be used for more than two weeks at a time. For chronic ailments, it should be used on a schedule of two weeks on, one week off, or as directed under the guidance of a health practitioner. It is anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-septic, and strengthens the body’s overall immune reponses. It should not be used by internally by pregnant women.

Nettles-The plant is used for treating high blood pressure, gout, PMS, rheumatism, and ending diarrhea, scurvy, liver and prostate problems. Externally, Nettle is used as a compress to treat neuralgia and arthritis. It is a very high source of digestible iron. It also treats anemia, fatigue, edema, menstrual difficulties, eczema, enlarged prostate, hay fever and allergies. Use the infusion as a hair rinse to treat dandruff and to stimulate hair growth.

Nutmeg-

O

Oatstraw-
Olive leaf extract
Oregano-Oregano is used to promote perspiration as a treatment for colds, flu, and fevers. A tea of oregano is often used to bring on menses and relieve associated menstrual discomfort. It is also used in baths and inhalations, as well drinking the infusion, to clear lungs and bronchial passages. Internally and externally it can help alleviate dry itching skin. Pregnant women should not ingest large amounts of oregano.
Oregon grape root-Oregon Grape Root is used as a treatment for skin diseases and as a treatment for prostate infection. It is also used as a blood cleanser, to stimulate the liver and gall bladder, and as a mild laxative. Externally, a decoction of the root bark is used as a liniment for arthritis. Do not use during pregnancy.

P

Parsley-Parsley tea is used to settle the stomach after a meal. The tea is also used to treat congestion caused by flu and colds, to lessen asthma attacks, for kidney and liver obstructions, and anemia. It is often used to treat urinary infections and fluid retention. Eaten fresh, it is a boost to the body, as it contains many vitamins and minerals necessary for good health. It also freshens the breath after eating fresh garlic and encourages milk production for nursing mothers.
Passion flower-Its force is exerted chiefly upon the nervous system, the remedy finding a wide application in spasmodic disorders and as a rest-producing agent. It proves specially useful in the insomnia of infants and old people. It gives sleep to those who are laboring under the effects of mental worry or from mental overwork."

Pau d'arco-in the Americas, Pau d'arco has a folk reputation as an anticancer, antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal agent, especially for treating candida infections. Several Tabebuia species have long been used by South American indigenous groups as a cancer remedy. In Peru, Pau d'arco has been used to treat diabetes and as a blood purifier. It is often used in combination with other herbs. In the late 1960s, popular newspaper and magazine reports in Brazil led to widespread use in South America which prompted scientific research into its purported health benefits.

Pennyroyal-Pennyroyal herb removes gas from the digestive system. It is also used as a tea, taken a few days before menstruation, to aid a suppressed flow. It is used in treatments for colds, upset stomach, and to stimulate blood flow to the pelvis area. Its strong minty smell makes its essential oil useful for externally repelling insects such as mosquitoes, fleas, and flies. It should not be taken or used by pregnant women. Large internal doses have been known to cause convulsions and coma. Pennyroyal oil should NEVER be taken internally!
Peony

Peppermint-It is a stimulant. It restores the functions of the stomach, promotes digestion, stops vomiting, cures the hiccups, flatulent colic, hysterical depressions, and other like complaints." Peppermint leaf tea has been traditionally used for indigestion, nausea, colds, headache, and cramps.

Plantain-Plantain is used to clear mucous from the body, and to neutralize poisons. As a mild tea it is used to treat lung problems in children, and as a stronger tea is used to treat stomach ulcers. It is also used for diarrhea, bladder infections. Externally it stops bleeding from cuts and wounds, soothes bee stings and insect bites, and helps to heal bruises.

Pleurisy root
Poke

R

Raspberry leaf-Red Raspberry is one of the most proven female herbs. It strengthens the uterine wall during pregnancy, reduces the pain of childbirth, and helps to reduce false labor pains. After childbirth it is used to decrease uterine swelling and cut down on post-partum bleeding. It is used to ease menstrual cramps and to regulate the flow during menstruation. It is also good for vomiting in small children, and dysentery and diarrhea in infants and children. The warm tea soothes sore throats, mouth ulcers and bleeding gums, and is applied to canker sores. It also strengthens and nourishes the male reproductive organs.
Red clover-Red clover is mentioned as a blood purifier, diuretic, general tonic, and folk cancer remedy in Jethro Kloss's Back to Eden. The flower has been used as a folk remedy to relieve spasms associated with asthma and bronchitis and to treat skin sores or ulcerations. It is one of the ingredients of the controversial Hoxsey formula used at alternative cancer clinics in Mexico.

Reishi mushroom

Rosehips
Rosemary
Rue-Rue is used in small amounts to expel poisons from the system, such as those from snake bites, scorpion, spider, or jellyfish bites. It should not be taken with meals, and it should never be used by pregnant women. Juices from the fresh plant can cause the skin to blister. It is used internally and externally as a remedy for tendonitis. Use only under the guidance of a professional, as this herb is poisonous in any but small doses.

S

Sage-Sage is used to relieve excess mucous buildup. It is beneficial to the mind by easing mental exhaustion, soothing nerves, and by strengthening the concentrating abilities. In a lotion or salve, it is useful for treating sores and skin eruptions, excessive sweating, and for stopping bleeding in all cuts. Chewing the fresh leaves soothes mouth sores and sore throats, as will sage tea. It is good for all stomach troubles, diarrhea, gas, flu and colds. As a hair rinse, it removes and treats dandruff. Sage combined with peppermint, rosemary, and wood betony provides an excellent headache remedy. It is used to regulate the menstrual cycle, to decrease milk flow in lactating women, aids in treating hot flashes, and is used as a deodorant. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy to cleanse and purify the air. In a carrier oil, it makes an excellent deodorant.
Saint john's wort-a diuretic, wound-healing herb, and treatment for menstrual disorders.  it was used by physicians for wound healing, especially for lacerations involving damaged nerves, and as a diuretic, astringent, and mild sedative.

Sarsaparilla-sarsaparilla was used to treat syphilis and rheumatism. It was official treatment for syphilis in the U. S. Pharmacopoeia in 1850. Often an ingredient in patent medicines with extravagant claims in late nineteenth-century America, sarsaparilla products were promoted as blood purifiers, tonics, and diuretics, to induce sweating, and for a myriad of other questionable applications. In recent years sarsaparilla has been touted as a male sexual rejuvenator with claims implying it contains testosterone. It has also been used as an anabolic steroid replacement in natural body-building formulas.
Sassafras-The root bark of Sassafras is used to thin the blood, to cleanse the liver, and is used to treat painful menstruation and the pains after childbirth. Do not use if anemic, taking a blood thinner, or when pregnant.

Saw palmetto- its peculiar soothing power on the mucous membrane it induces sleep, relieves the most troublesome coughs, promotes expectoration, improves digestion, and increases fat, flesh and strength. Its sedative and diuretic properties are remarkable."
Schisandra

Scullcap-Also known as maddog skullcap, the American species was historically used to treat rabies. Traditionally it is known as a nerve tonic and sedative for relieving anxiety, neuralgia, and insomnia. Baikal skullcap was first mentioned in the middle class of drugs in Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing. In China it is found in prescriptions for fevers, colds, high blood pressure, hypertension, insomnia, headache, intestinal inflammation, vomiting of blood, and other conditions.

Senna-Powdered leaf tea has been used for many centuries, both in Eastern and Western traditions, for its laxative qualities.

Shepherd's purse-Shepherd’s Purse is used to treat diarrhea, treat and prevent duodenal ulcers. Stops internal and external bleeding, treats urinary problems, and as a wound remedy. It should be avoided during pregnancy, although it is often used during the last stages of labor to prevent bleeding problems.
Siberian ginseng-

Slippery elm-Slippery elm was one of the most useful medicinal plants of the American wilderness. Native Americans from the Missouri River Valley used a tea of the fresh inner bark to make a soothing laxative. Among the Creek, a poultice of the bark was a toothache remedy. The Osage and other groups applied bark poultices to extract thorns. Surgeons  used bark poultices as their primary treatment for gunshot wounds, and a soldier, separated from his company, survived for ten days in the wilderness on slippery elm and sassafras barks. Nineteenth-century physicians recommended slippery elm broth as a wholesome and nutritious food for infants and invalids, and the tea has long been the herbal treatment of choice for acute stomach ulcers and colitis.

Spearmint-Spearmint is a valuable herb for stopping vomiting during pregnancy. It is gentle enough to use for colic in babies, while aiding in curing colds, flu, and gas.
Squawvine-Squawvine is most beneficial in childbirth. It strengthens the uterus, helps prevent miscarriage, and relieves congestion of the uterus and ovaries. Its antiseptic properties make it valuable for treating vaginal infections, and is a natural nerve sedative. It is most often used in combination with Raspberry. Also known as Partridgeberry.

Suma-

 


T

Tea Tree-Interest in tea tree oil emerged in the 1920s when Australian researchers found it had up to thirteen times greater antiseptic activity than carbolic acid, then a well-known germicide. In 1930, The Medicinal Journal of Australia revealed that the oil, when applied to carbuncles and pusfilled infections, dissolved pus and inhibited bacterial growth without damaging surrounding tissues. Further studies established the oil as a disinfectant in soaps, a topical treatment for parasitic skin diseases, and a deodorant for wounds. A couple of drops in a glass of water were recommended as a gargle for sore throat at early stages of inflammation. Its confirmed antiseptic activity, gentleness to oral mucosa, and apparent lack of toxicity endeared it to Australian dentists. Physicians used the oil to treat throat infections, dirty wounds, candida, and fungal infections including ring worm and athlete's foot.

Turmeric-Turmeric is used in Chinese medicine to ease shoulder pain, menstrual cramps, and colic.

U

Uva ursi-Uva Ursi, also called Bearberry, strengthens and tones the urinary tract. It is especially useful for kidney infections, bladder infections, and inflammatory disease of the urinary tract. It is used as a diabetes remedy for excessive sugar in the blood. It is used for postpartum women to return the womb to its natural size, as well as to prevent infection of the womb after childbirth. It should not be used by pregnant women.

V
Valerian root-Valerian, not a major medicinal plant of the ancient classical authors, was best known to them as a diuretic and treatment for menstrual difficulties.  He took valerian himself and claimed it completely restored his health. His words stimulated interest in the plant as a sedative. Use of valerian to relieve spasms and as a sleep aid. 
Vervain-Vervain is used to treat the liver and diseases related to the liver, exhaustion, fatigue, fever, insomnia, asthma, post-natal depression, as well as painful or irregular menses. It will also help increase the flow of a mother's milk. Do not use during pregnancy.

Vitex-Vitex has been used for menstrual difficulties for at least 2,500 years. In The Eberis Papyrus it reads "If blood flows from the womb, let the woman drink dark wine in which the leaves of the vitex have been steeped." Its use for gynecological conditions. A tincture of the fresh berries to increase milk secretion and treat menstrual disorders.

W

Walnut leaves-Walnut bark is used to treat dysentery and skin diseases. The nut is used to promote strength and weight gain. The ground hull of the nut is used to treat skin diseases, herpes, head and body lice, and internal parasites. Walnut leaf is used to treat eczema, hives, and boils. Diluted walnut oil is used to treat dandruff. A strong decoction of walnut leaves, painted around doorways and woodwork, will repel ants.
Wheat grass-

Wild cherry bark-Wild Cherry Bark is a very good expectorant. It is useful for all illnesses that have related lung congestion. The bark is boiled down into a syrup, which is safe to use even for small children.

Wild yam-Wild Yam is helpful to the liver and the endocrine system. It is also used in regulation of the female system, particularly during menopause and menstrual distress, as well as used in treating infertility. Used with chaste berry and dandelion it is an effective treatment for morning sickness.
White Willow-For more than 2,000 years, people of the Northern Hemisphere used willow bark as a wash for external ulcers and internally to reduce fevers and relieve aches, pains, rheumatism, arthritis, and headaches. Native Americans used it: black willow root bark was used by the Houma as a blood thinner; the Creek used the root tea to relieve inflammation in rheumatism and to reduce fever. In American folk traditions, the bark was used as a blood thinner (like aspirin) and to treat fever. The tea was also given for dyspepsia. In 1763, a Dr. Stone of London first recommended willow bark to the medical profession for the treatment of fevers.
Witch hazel-Witch Hazel is used externally for insect bites, burns, bleeding wounds, hemorrhoids, and varicose veins. Internally it will stop bleeding from internal organs, treats bronchitis, flu, and coughs as well as promotes healing of stomach ulcers. It is often used as a mouthwash for conditions of the mouth and throat, and for bleeding gums. Soak a cloth in witch hazel and wrap around sprains and arthritic joints to speed healing and ease discomfort and swelling.
Wormwood-Wormwood is used for all problems within the digestive system, as well as liver and bladder ailments. It has been used to remove worms from the internal digestive system. It promotes menstruation and will help with menstrual cramps. Do not give to small children, do not use if pregnant or nursing, and use only in very small quantities for very short periods of time, as the FDA considers this a toxic herb. The dried leaves are placed in the sleeping pillows of cats and dogs to repel fleas and ticks.

Y

Yarrow-Yarrow is used to stimulate and regulate the liver. It acts as a blood purifier and heals the glandular system. It has been used as a contraceptive, and as a part of diabetes treatment, as well as treating gum ailments and toothache. Also is used in formulas for treating colds, flu, and fevers, promoting sweat in fevers, and healing fibroid tumors. It stops internal and external bleeding during childbirth. It is used to stop the bleeding of external wounds. Pregnant women should avoid this herb.

Yellow dock-Yellow Dock is a powerful blood purifier and astringent. It is used in treating all diseases of the blood and skin. It is very high in iron, making it useful for treating anemia. It nourishes the spleen and liver, detoxifies the liver, and cleanses and enriches the blood.

Yerba Mate- The peoples of South America have used it to ensure health, vitality, and longevity, and used to treat illness, disease, fight fatigue, and detoxify the body. Yerba Mate` contains antioxidants, amino acids, and vitamins and minerals. It does not cause jitters or nervousness as coffee does, rather, it balances the body, calming a nervous one or rejuvenating a tired one. It is also used to stimulate other healing herbs.

Yohimbe-Yohimbe's energizing effects stem from it's ability to increase blood flow to the genitals, both male and female. It is thought to stimulate the pelvic nerve ganglia and thus is helpful for men with erection problems. In fact a prescription drug, yohimbine hydrochloride, is the only FDA approved drug for impotence. Effects can include increased libido, increased sensation and increased stamina. Women have also reported similar effects and general pleasant sensations.
Yucca-Yucca root is a therapeutic anti inflammatory phytosterol with the ability to break up inorganic mineral obstructions and deposits.

 REFERENCES

 

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